Why the Number of Teenagers That Vape Continues to Rise

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Why the Number of Teenagers That Vape Continues to Rise

Dr. Nadia Krupp from IU Health blames it on multiple reasons, including the advertising of e-cigarettes.

INDIANAPOLIS -- The number of teenagers vaping and using tobacco is on the rise across the country, despite all the warnings we continue to see and hear about how dangerous vaping can be. 

The CDC says more than 1 in 4 high school students have used an e-cigarette in 2019, which is up from 1 in 5 students in 2018. 

That concerns Dr. Nadia Krupp, a pediatric pulmonologist at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis, for many reasons. 

She says e-cigarettes can become addictive, because of the nicotine it contains, and it can have a larger affect on teenagers compared to adults. 

"The teenage brain is more susceptible to addiction than the adult brain is," Dr. Krupp said. "So if you start using nicotine or other addictive substances during your teenage years, you're more likely to be a lifelong user and be dependent on nicotine." 

Dr. Krupp says most teenagers don't realize e-cigarettes contain nicotine, and only think it's water vapor and flavoring, believing it's "safe." 

In November, the CDC said vitamin E acetate could be to blame for a national outbreak in lung injuries caused by e-cigarettes. Also last month, the Indiana State Department of Health confirmed the fourth death in the state related to vaping.

So what about the teenagers that do read and hear the warnings about vaping, and the stories and reports of people getting sick -- or dying -- from lung injuries caused by e-cigarettes? Dr. Krupp says it's the teenage mindset. 

"We've all been kids. Adolescents take risks," she said. "This is one of the risk-taking behaviors that adolescents are engaging in now. Each generation has their version of it."

Teenagers also tend to think "well, that can't happen to me." Dr. Krupp says they can't be more wrong. It can, and will, happen to anyone.

"The people that have gotten sick and have been hospitalized with this form of lung injury all thought they were not going to be the person that got sick," she said.

It's not just high school students, though. Dr. Krupp says she has seen middle school students, and even sometimes elementary school students, try vaping. That's why parents need to monitor what their kids are up to. 

Dr. Krupp also believes advertising plays a large role in the number of teenagers trying e-cigarettes, saying companies show the devices as "sleek and high-tech" as time goes on, just like our phones, audio devices, and cars, and appeal to the young, tech-savvy audience.

(PHOTO: Thinkstock/Mauro Grigollo)

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